|Dojang:||Place where one trains/gymnasium|
|Hogoo:||Chest Guard used in sparring|
|Kam Sa Ham Nee Da:||Thank You|
|Chon ma ne yo:||You’re Welcome|
|Ahn nyong hah say yo:||Greetings/Hello|
|Kwanjangnim:||Head of organization/school owner|
|Dan:||Black belt rank/degree (1st Dan, 2nd Dan, etc.)|
|Choon Bee:||Ready (stance)|
|Bahro:||Return (to starting position)|
|Bahl Ba-kwah:||Switch your stance|
|Dwee ro dora:||About face/Turn Around|
|Dobok Dahn-jung:||Fix your uniform|
|Dhee Dahn-jung:||Fix your belt|
|Sun bay nim kay:||Face your senior student|
|Hai San:||Class Dismissed|
Disciplines of Taekwondo
|Eolgul Mahggi:||Rising Block/High Block|
|Momtong Mahggi:||Middle (body) Block|
|Ahre Mahggi:||Down/Lower (leg) Block|
|Sohn-nahl Mahggi:||Knife-hand Block|
|Eolgul Chi-gi:||High/Face Punch|
|Momtong Chi-gi:||Middle Punch|
|Ahre Chi-gi:||Low Punch|
|Me-Joomock Chi-gi:||Hammer Fist Strike|
|Dung-Joomock Chi-gi:||Back Fist Strike|
|Palkoop Chi-gi:||Elbow Strike|
|Sohn-Nahl Chi-gi:||Knife Hand Strike|
|Ahp Cha-gi:||Front Snap Kick|
|Yop Cha-gi:||Side Kick|
|Dolryo Cha-gi:||Roundhouse Kick|
|Naryeo Cha-gi:||Axe Kick|
|Dwee Cha-gi:||Back Kick|
|Huryo Cha-gi:||Hook Kick|
|Mirro Cha-gi:||Push Kick|
|Ahp Sogi:||Walking Stance|
|Ahp Koobee:||Long/Front Stance|
|Dwee Koobee:||Back Stance|
|Bom Sogi:||Tiger Stance|
|Joochoom Sogi:||Horseback Riding Stance|
|Charyot Sogi:||Attention Stance|
|Choonbee Sogi:||Ready Stance|
Counting after ten:
To call the contestants to the ring, the referee extends the index fingers of both hands and spreads her arms outward and down toward each competitors’ starting marks. She calls Chung first and Hong second.
The referee calls the contestants to attention by saying Cha-ryot. At the same time, he lifts both hands to face height with palms facing toward each other.
The referee then has the contestants bow to each other. As she says Kyong-ye. She lowers her palms to chest height with finger tips of both hands almost touching.
Stepping into a front stance, the referee drops his right hand between the chests of the competitors with a downward knife hand and calls Choon bi. The competitors enter ready stance by assuming fighting stances.
The referee pulls back her front foot and brings both hands quickly together in front of her body with her palms facing each other. At the same time, she says Si jak.
To stop the match for any reason, the referee again drops his right hand between the competitors into a downward knife hand position while he says Kalyeo or Gu-mahm.
To resume the match, the referee swiftly removes her hand from between the competitors, stopping her hand beside her ear as she says Kae-sok.
If a competitor commits a penalty, the referee temporarily stops the match by saying Kalyeo or Gu-mahn. The competitors stop. The referee brings his right hand to his left shoulder, straightens his arm, & points his index finger at the offending competitor. He gestures to indicate the specific illegal and says Chung or Hong kyon-go. The competitor should then acknowledge the penalty with a Kyong-ye. For more severe infractions, the referee follows the same procedures except the competitor is given a gam-jeum.
If blue is the winner, the referee extends her right arm up at a 45 degree angle with her palm up in a knife hand position and says Chung sung. If red is the winner, she does the same, but with her left arm, and says Hong sung.
Acknowledgement: Much of this sparring terminology information is based upon the text found in “Appendix B: Referee Signals” from the book Taekwondo (Third Edition) by Yeon Hee Park, Yeon Hwan Park, and Jon Gerrard.